University's investiture. Agustín Aragón and Horacio Barreda attacked it in Positivist Magazine because, according to them, it threatened national progress.
They argued that this kind of institution belonged to the metaphysical stage of human development, and Mexico had already surpassed that phase. The young Antonio Caso, who was University Secretary and president of the Athenaeum of Youth (an association that opposed positivism and many of whose members would later make outstanding contributions to the University), defended the institution.
The debate between Caso and Aragón allowed for an analysis on these two different stances on higher education